Sedation dentistry refers to the use of sedation during dental treatment. Sedation is most commonly used during extensive procedures, for patients with dental phobia or for patients who find it difficult to sit still. There are different types of sedation, including nitrous oxide ("laughing gas"), IV sedation, oral sedatives and general anesthetic.
Sedation can range from the use of nitrous oxide to calm a patient to general anesthetics used to put patients to sleep. Patients with dental phobia, low pain tolerance, major dental treatment, physical handicaps or strong gag reflexes may require sedation. Procedures like fillings, crowns, bridges, root canals, extractions, cosmetic procedures and periodontal treatments often require some sort of sedation.
Sedation is endorsed by the American Dental Association and is an effective way to make many patients comfortable during their dental visit. Before using a sedative or anesthetic, it is important to tell your dentist about any medications or medical treatments you are receiving. Before administering any sedative or anesthetic, your dentist will talk to you about the process of sedation and pre-and post-sedation instructions.
Nitrous oxide, more commonly known as "laughing gas," is often used as a conscious sedative during a dental visit. The gas is administered with a mixture of oxygen and has a calming effect that helps phobic or anxious patients relax during their dental treatment. Because it is a mild sedative, patients are still conscious and can talk to their dentist during their visit. After treatment, the nitrous is turned off and oxygen is administered for 5-10 minutes to help flush any remaining gas. The effects wear off almost immediately. Nitrous oxide rarely has side effects, although some patients may experience minor nausea and constipation. Your doctor will provide you with pre-and post-sedation instructions.
Oral Conscious Sedation
Oral Conscious Sedation is defined as a slightly depressed level of consciousness induced by sedative medication that significantly reduces anxiety, fears and discomfort while allowing a patient to retain the ability to independently maintain an airway and respond appropriately to verbal commands.
Unlike treatments that render you unconscious, forms of oral conscious sedation leave you able to speak and breathe on your own while enjoying the benefits of heightened relaxation and reduced anxiety.
Why Choose Oral Conscious Sedation:
- It is safer than traditional anesthesia with fewer possible side effects.
- It is effective in treating mild to moderate dental anxiety.
- It does not render you unable to speak.
- It allows you to breathe on your own.
- It is less expensive than IV sedation.
- It allows you to get all your dental work done in one visit in many cases.
- It allows you to enjoy limited memories of the procedure without ever losing consciousness.